About Leukemia & Lymphoma

Leukemia and Lymphoma are cancers that occur in the blood. There are many types of blood cancers, and this grouping includes cancers of the blood, bone marrow, lymphatic system (lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, tonsils, thymus, spleen and digestive tract, and lymphoid tissue.)

There is no known cause of these cancers.

Blood Cancer Symptoms

Symptoms of the various types of blood cancer often include frequent infections and issues with bleeding.

If you experience the following symptoms, you should see immediate medical care or call 911:

  • Uncontrolled bleeding
  • Severe sweating
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pale /blue lips or fingernails
  • A fever greater than 101 degrees
  • Increased heart rate
  • Confusion
  • A loss or change in level of consciousness
  • Increased anxiety

If you experience the following symptoms, you should see your primary care provider as soon as possible:

  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Persistent fever
  • Frequent infections
  • Night sweats
  • Tiredness/fatigue
  • Bone pain
  • Enlarged lymph node

Blood Cancer Screening

Symptoms of blood cancer are often associated with other health conditions, making blood cancer somewhat difficult to diagnose.

A blood test is performed to diagnose or screen for blood cancer. This test will measure the amount of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood. Your doctor may also look for chemicals in the blood that show signs of malfunctioning in the liver, kidney, heart, and lungs.

Additionally, you doctor will also look for biomarkers that indicate cancer activity in the blood.

Blood Cancer Treatment

How blood cancer is treated depends on many different factors, including family history, current health, symptoms, and lab results. Treatment options include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Drug therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Vaccine therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Blood transfusion
  • Palliative support
  • Clinical trials

Your Blood Cancer Treatment Team

Understanding your diagnosis and treatment options is the first step in fighting blood cancer. At Frederick Regional Health System, we’re committed to providing you with a cancer treatment experience that is focused on you.

Learn more about your treatment team:

Oncology Care Consultants