Oncology Information Management
A new diagnosis of cancer touches one out of every three individuals in the United States. Due to the combined efforts of research and technological advances, more people are experiencing positive outcomes from their disease process. Frederick Memorial Hospital's Cancer Program supports research efforts by maintaining an information system (cancer registry or Oncology Information Management) designed for the collection, management and analysis of data on persons with the diagnosis of a malignant or neoplastic disease (cancer).
Cancer registries are classified into three general types:
- Health care institution registries: maintain data on all patients diagnosed and/or treated for cancer at their facility. Health care facilities report cancer cases to the central or state cancer registry as required by law.
- Central registries: are population-based registries that maintain data on all cancer patients within certain geographic areas.
- Special purpose registries: maintain data on particular types of cancer, such as brain tumors.
Why maintain a cancer registry?
Local, state, and national cancer agencies use registry data in defined areas to make important public health decisions that maximize the effectiveness of limited public health funds, such as the placement of screening programs.
Cancer registries are valuable research tools for those interested in the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
Fundamental research on the causes of cancer is initiated using the accumulated data.
Lifetime follow-up is an important aspect of the cancer registry. Current patient follow-up serves as a reminder to physicians and patients to schedule regular clinical examinations and provides accurate survival information.
How are these data used?
- Evaluate patient outcome, quality of life and satisfaction issues and implement procedures for improvement
- Provide follow-up information for cancer surveillance
- Calculate survival rates by various data items
- Provide information for cancer program activities
- Analyze referral patterns
- Allocate resources at the health care facility, the community, region, or state level
- Develop educational programs for health care providers, patients and the general public
- Report cancer incidence as required by Maryland State Law
- Evaluate effectiveness of treatment modalities
Confidentiality of patient identifying information and related medical data is strictly maintained. Combined or summary data are analyzed and published without patient identifiers.